|Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) are among the most prevalent infectious diseases with a substantial financial burden on society. Women are more at risk of developing this infection mostly due to their anatomy: it affects about one woman out of five during a lifetime. A number of women who have once developed UTI may be more prone to suffer from it again: this is known as recurrence.
What causes urinary tract infections?
This infection is generally caused by bacteria called “Escherichia coli” normally living in the intestine but has colonised in the urinary tract. Under normal conditions, urine is sterile, which means that there are no germs. A UTI occurs commonly in the lower part of the urinary tract, meaning the bladder or urethra. This infection is called cystitis. If left untreated, it can progress to the upper part of the urinary tract. When the kidneys are infected, it is called “pyelonephritis” and can permanently damage the kidneys.
For questions, concern or advice about UTIs, please consult your doctor!