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Zoom-in on Diabetes and CKD

Diabetes affects about 370 million people worldwide. It can lead to severe health consequences affecting the heart, blood vessels, eyes, nerves and kidneys. Actually, diabetes is the main cause of CKD, causing 40% of kidney failure cases (last stage of CKD).

What is diabetes?
Hyperglycemia is characteristic in diabetic people: their blood sugar level is too high. This overload of sugar in the body has multiple consequences. One of these consequences is it can damage blood vessels. If it happens in the kidneys, it can lead to kidney damage and perhaps to Chronic Kidney Disease. This explains why a regular control of your blood sugar level is important to keep healthy kidneys.

How is diabetes detected?
Glycosuria is a good way to detect diabetes. It corresponds to finding glucose (a type of sugar) in urine. As glucose is a small molecule, it passes the kidneys filters. Then, in normal conditions it is reabsorbed and it is not found in urine. However, in diabetic people, there is so much glucose that the kidneys reach their maximum capacity of reabsorption, and some sugar leaks into urine. Measuring glucose in urine analysis is thus a reliable way to detect diabetes.
Regularly check your blood sugar level!

World Kidney Day Danone Rsearch